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DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY 





PRODUCED BY 203d MILITARY INTELLIGENCE BATTALION 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



PAGE 



SECTION I. GENERAL 









Vi i" = SAFETY CHAPTER 



LOAHIHt- 



Checfc anno fs-r desu s in cartxiCi: ^ a^d bud primers. 



SECTION II. TECHNICAL DATA 



SECTION III. OPERATION 



section iv. Disassembly 



SECTICK V. ASSEMBLY 



SECTION VI. ACCESSORIES 



SECTION VII, MAINTENANCE 



SECTION Till. AMMUNITION (BALL S BLANK) 



H 



23 



31 



3-B 



39 






H« When inserLiiie n^atine into niagftzin* wilt- b-c r»urc io inhere [grw-ard lip of 
-aa^azly.a 'r>'o we;l first. lie sure chat magazine lb iaLly seated. 

A i Pull chargi:'.£ hanHli", snovn on page 11 ligure lb 7 £uLly l<j Che rpatT* atid 
NOTE: DO^NOT RIDE CBARC^IHO HAHIH..E FOKWARD: 

3... *ii«n :jii LJic iirinji line, keep your weapon up asid jw-inted dwn range -at all 
Lifflcs> If vol; have a ma If unction, raise- your hand and ra-n.g.£ performed wifcl aid 

you . 

CAUTION: Orvlv blank aromiintr ion mav b-c fired when the blank iiri»g device is in place 
:io r.DC U5C che tap ol lIik (.crebinac :on ronl kit as a blank firing device. 

HAND-GRENADE LAUNCHED The- hand grpnadn launcher is tnscalLed by removing the nwjxale 
nut <f;gri1i and screwing the launcher pnty the weapon 'lift 5*0. 

TO FIRE THE GRENADE: Insert a j>renada with ?he pin pulled inro che launcher. 
CAUTION; A special tV|?*? r.artr-iiSpjft is used for firing the grenade. Plac^ cb*» huff oF 
rhn weapon on the ground and fin? troin this pnsirinn- The maximum effective range 
lJu- grenade ran h* fi trc is liQ Hirers - 

THE BAITEWET: f f i r- ^'j is affixed by positioning its loops in frnnr nf rhc nuzzle 
n\uc and gas cylinder budy and sliding The bayonnc to the rear until the bayonet 
rari-.h engages the muzzle nut (dig- 561- The- bayonet is renK>v*»d by pulling the catch, 
located buhinJ che Hilt, sway "from the: handle and sliding the bayonet forward 
and off. 

PLASTIC KACAZIME: The Soviet AK.-4? metal magazine, is gradually being replaced by 
the pVabti-c magazin*. (fift- 57), which is lighter than the metal. The plastic 
■Tfl^axinf:, because it is lightweight and waterproof, is used mainly by tfcarines, 
airborne, and armor units. 




FIGURE 1. LEFT VIEW, AK-47 




FIGURE 2. RIGHT VIEVJ, AK-47 



I. 



SECTION I, GENERAL 



The AK-47 (fig 3) is a snort, compact, selective- fired weapon de- 
signed by the Soviets in 1946 which fires a cartridge intermediate in 
power between submachine gun and rifTe cartridges. It has a mild re- 
coil which gives it the capability of delivering effective full auto- 
matic fire up to 300 meters. 

In addition to the Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, 
East Germany, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, North Korea, Hungary, and 
Yugoslavia have manufactured the AK-47. The selector markings on the 
right side of the receiver provide a ready means of identifying the 
country of origin [fig 4). 

The AK-47 is produced in two different basic models - one with a 

conventional fixed wooden stock (fig 5) and the other with a folding 

metal stock (fig 6). The folding stock is used mostly by airborne and 
armor units. 

SECTION II. TECHNICAL DATA 



Cartridge 
Feed 

Magazine capacity 

Gas operated 

Weight 

Length 

Length w/ folded stock 

Rate of fire semiautomatic 

Rate of fire automatic 

Rate of fire cyclic 

Maximum effective range 



?.62x39rrm 

Magazine (fig 7) 

30 rds 

9.5 lb 
34.2 in 

27.5 in 

40 rpm 

100 rpm 
600-300 rpiai 

400 meters 



'.r— «•<« #'»#»*- 



T 








,>"*** f 



FIGURE 3, AK-47 



■*■ 



FACTORY 


WEAPON MARKINGS 

SELECTOR 

SAFE-UPPfR MID LOWER 


COUNTRY 


A w * r 


RB 


OA 


USSR 


J^ 56-1 




x£ 


* 


PRC 
PRC 






L 


D 


■ — ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^~ 


L 


D 


PRC 




gi 


erf 

\ 


N. KOREA 




AB 


EA 


BULG. 


C 


P 


POL. 


S 


FA 


FF 


RUM. 


iC- 63 




D 


E 


E. GERM 


JX" fftSI*" 




RB 


OA 


USSR 




'X 




PRC 


©A^r 








PRC 


a ©A 








PRC 


O 








E. GERM 


A 








PRC 










PRC 




. 


np 


oroHb 


USSR 


HP 


OrOHb 


USSR 


e^ 




CO 

■ I • 




CZECH 


1 


HUNGARY 




- 


FINLAND 
YUGOSLAVIA 

CZECH 

E, GERM. 

N. KOREA 
PRC 






R 
JO 


J" 

1 




■X: 63 




D 


E 






L 


'■'"D""" i 






"!%■. 



fc 



»/. 



1 *dSf J ' 



FIGURE 5. WOODEN STOCK 




FIGURE 6- FOLDING STOCK. 



FIGCKt A 



SECTTDN III. OPERATION 

Loading the Magazine: Place a round between the feed lips (fig 8) 
Press it down until it locks inside the magazine. Repeat until maga- 
zine is full {3D rds) . 

Inserting the magazine into the receiver: Cant the magazine for- 
ward so the lug on the front of the magazine engages with its recess 
in the magazine well (fig 9); then pull the magazine to the rear until 
it snaps into place. 

Loading the AK-47: Pull the operating handle (fig 10}, fully to 
the rear and release it so the lug on the bottom of the bolt can strip 
a round from the magazine and into the chamber. NOTE: The selector 
{fig 11), must be in a firing position. 

CAUTTON: Always keep the selector in the safe (upper) position until 
the weapon is ready to be fired. 

Firing the AK-47: Place the selector on the desired position (au- 
tomatic middle position, and semi-automatic lower position) (fig 12). 
Aim using a normal sight picture and pull the trigger. 

The AiC-47 with the metal stock can also be fired with the stock 
folded. This is done by pressing the stock latch located on the left 
rear of the receiver {fig 13), swinging the stock down beneath the 
weapon {fig 14). This position is used mainly by airborne and amor 
units. 

Imnediate action: For a runaway gun, keep the rifle pointed up 
and down range until all aTmnunition is expended. Clear the weapon and 
inspect it to determine the cause of the malfunction. Immediate ac- 
tion for a misfire is to keep the rifle pointed down range for at 
least one minute. Then pull the operating handle to the rear and 

eject the misfired round. Load -a new round and attempt to fire it. 
If it does not fire, wait one minute and then unload the rifle. In- 
spect to determine the cause of the malfunction. 

Unloading: Remove the magazine by pressing the magazine catch 
{fig 15) toward the magazine; then swing the magazine forward and out 
of the receiver. Pull the operating handle fully to the rear 9 inspect 
the chamber and receiver. If no cartridge is present, release the 
operating handle and pull the trigger (fig 16), 

Zeroing; Set the rear sight for the desired range by pressing in 
on the slide catch and moving the slide bar along the leaf until the 
front edge of the bar is aligned with the line below the number that 
corresponds with the range in meters {fig 17). 

The front sight post can be screwed in or out of its base to ad- 
just for elevation. The wrench in the combination tool kit is used 



for this purpose (fig 18). Lateral zeroing is done by moving the 
cylindrical front sight post "mount from side to side using the lateral 
zeroing tool (fig 19). 

If the strike of the bullet is below the control point, the front 
sight should be screwed in. If above, it should be screwed out. If 
the strike of the bullet is to the left of the control point, the 

slide of the front sight should be moved to the left; if to the right, 
to the right. 

Moving the front sight slide to the left* right, up or down lnrm, 
changes the strike of the bullet 26cm at 100 meters. One full turn 
on the front sight post moves the strike of the bullet 2Dcm when fir- 
ing at 100 meters. Front sight post changes should be verified by a 
group of four individually aimed shots. After the weapon has ^ been 
zeroed, the old mark should be removed and a new one written in. 




FIGURE 7. AK-47 MAGAZINE 




FIGURE 8. LOADING MAGAZINE 



1 & 2. FEED LIPS 




FIGURE 9, INSERTING MAGAZINE 



1. MAGAZINE LUG 



2. MAGAZINE WELL 




FIGURE 10. OPERATING HANDLE 




FIGURE 11. SELECTOR IN FIRING POSITION 




FIGURE 12. SELECTOR IN FIRING POSITION 



1. AUTOMATIC 



2. SEMIAUTOMATIC 




FIGURE 13. FOLDING STOCK 



1. STOCK 



2. STOCK LATCH 




FIGURE 14. STOCK FOLDED 



10 




FIGURE 15. MAGAZINE CATCH 





FIGURE 17. REAR SIGHT 
i. SLIDE CATCH 

2, SLIDE BAR 



3. LEAF 



4. BAR FRONT EDGE 



5. NUMBERS 



FIGURE 16. OPERATING HANDLE 



11 



1 2 




FIGURE 18. FROM SIGHT 



1. FRONT SIGHT POST 

2 . BASE 

3. COMBINATION TOOL 

4. CYLINDRICAL POST MOUNT 




SECTION TV, DISASSEMBLY 

Unloading and clearing the AK-47: Remove the magazine and pull 
the operating handle fully to the rear. Inspect the chamber and re- 
ceiver to insure no cartridges are present. Release the operating 

handle and pull the trigger (fig 20). 

Remove the bolt cover: Press the serrated end of the driving 
spring guide (fig 21) into the bolt cover, and while holding the guide 
in, lift off the bolt cover, rear end first (fig 22). 

Remove the driving spring assembly: Push forward on the end of 

the driving spring guide (fig 23), disengaging it from its seat in 
the rear of the receiver (fig 24); then pull the complete driving 
spring assembly out of the bolt carrier {fig 25). 

Remove bolt and carrier: Pull the operating handle fully to the 
rear (fig 26), lift the bolt carrier slightly upward (fig 27) and 

then remove the bolt and carrier by pulling it to the rear (fig 28). 

Remove the bolt from the carrier: Press the bolt into the car- 
rier (fig 29} until the bolt operating lug can be twisted free of its 

cam path in the carrier (fig 30). Pull the bolt straight forward and 

out of the carrier (fig 31). 

Remove gas cylinder tube: Rotate the gas cylinder tube lock up- 
ward (fig 32 and 33} to free the gas cylinder tube. Pull up on the 
rear of the hand guard and remove the tube (fig 34). 



FIGURE 19. FRONT SIGHT 

1- FRONT SIGHT BASE 



2. SPECIAL TOOL 



1-3 



14 




FIGURE 18. FRONT SIGHT 



1. FRONT SIGHT POST 

2. BASE 

3. COMBINATION TOOL 

4. CYLINDRICAL POST MOUNT 



i 




FIGURE 19. FRONT SIGHT 



1. FRONT SIGHT BASE 



2. SPECIAL TOOL 



13 



SECTION IV. DISASSEMBLY 

Unloading and clearing the AK-47: Remove ttie magazine and pull 
the operating handle fully to the rear. Inspect the chamber and re- 
ceiver to insure no cartridges are present. Release the operating 
handle and pull the trigger (fig 20 j. 

Remove the bolt cover: Press the serrated end of the driving 
spring guide (fig 21) into the bolt cover* and while holding the guide 
in, lift off the bolt cover, rear end first {fig 22). 

Remove the driving spring assembly: Push forward on the end of 
the driving spring guide (fig 23) » disengaging it from its seat in 
the rear of the receiver (fig 24) ; then pull the complete driving 
spring assembly out of the bolt carrier (fig 25). 

Remove bolt and carrier: Pull the operating handle fully to the 
rear (fig 26), lift the bolt carrier slightly upward (fig 27) and 
then remove the bolt and carrier by pulling it to the rear (fig 28). 

Remove the bolt from the carrier: Press the bolt into the car- 
rier (fig 29) until the bolt operating lug can be twisted free of its 
cam path in the carrier (fig 30). Pull the bolt straight forward and 
out of the carrier (fig 31). 

Remove gas cylinder tube: Rotate the gas cylinder tube lock up- 
ward (fig -32 and 33) to free the gas cylinder tube. Pull up on the 
rear of the hand guard and remove the tube (fig 34). 



14 



r 







FIGURE 20. CLEARING THE AK-47 

1. RECEIVER 

2. CHAMBER 




FIGURE 21. DRIVING SPRING GUIDE 




FIGURE 22. REMOVING BOLT COVER 




FIGURE 23. DRIVING SPRING 



15 



16 







FIGURE 24, DISENGAGING DRIVING SPRING 




F'G'JKE 2S. ":L"0'vING DRIVING SPRING ASS£!W 



17 




FIGURE 26- OPERATING HANDLE 




FIGURE 27. LIFTING BOH CARRIER 



1? 










FIGURE 28. REMOVING CARRIER 







FIGURE 23. REMOVING 50LT 




FIGURE 30. OPERATING LUG 



J 




FIGURE 31. REMOVING BOLT 

50 




FIGURE 32. TUBE LOCK 




FIGURE 33. TUBE LOCK UPWARD 



21 




FIGURE 34. REMOVING HAND GUARD 



£2 



SECTION V. REASSEMBLY 
First, engage the front opening of the gas cylinder tube With the 

gas cylinder (fig 35). Then seat the rear of the tube Into the rear 
Sight base (fig 36). Rotate the gas cylinder tube lock down to Us 
lock position (fig 37). 

Replace the bolt: Slide the spindle of the bolt into the carrier 
(fig 3&) and rotate the bolt to mate the operating lug with its earn 
path. Pull the bolt as far forward as possible 1n carrier (fig 39). 

Replace bolt carrier: SHde the oiston into the hole under the 
rear sight (fig 40) until the carrier fits Into its cuts at the mr 
Of the receiver (fiq 41). Press the carrier down, with the bolt fully 
forward, and then slide the carrier fully forward (fig 4Z). 



• 



Replace driving spring: 

in the rear of the carrier 

in the receiver {fig 44). 



Insert the driving spring into its bole 
ffg 43) and reseat the guide into its slot 




Replace the bolt cover: Insert the front end of the bolt cover 
into the circular grooves in the rear sight base {fig 45). Apply 
thumb pressure over the square hole in th« rear of the cover (fig 46); 
press down and forward until the end of the driving spring guide snaps 
through the hole (fig 47). 



FIGURE 35. ENGA&ING TUBE 







FIGURE 36. TUBE SEATED 



23 



2* 







FIGURE 37. &AS CYLINDER TUBE IN LOCK POSITION 




FIGURE 38. REPLACING THE BOL" 

1. SPINDLE 

2, CARRIER 





HP 




t^-iisi 




/ 











FIGURE 39. BOLT IN CAMUER 




FIGURE 10. REPLACING BOLT CARRIER 



35 



26 




FIGURE 41. CUT IN RECEIVER 




FIGURE 42. CARRIER SEATED 



77 




FIGURE 43. REPLACING DRIVING SPRING 




FIGURE 44. DRIVING SPRING GUIDE SLOT 



23 




. 






FIGURE 45- REPLACING BOLT COVER 

1. FRONT OF COVER 

2. CIRCULAR GROOVE 





FIGURE 47. BOLT COVER SEATED 



FIGURE 46. HOLE IN REAR OF COVER 



29 



30 



SECTION VI. ACCESSORIES 

The following accessories will be issued when available with the 
AK-47: (fig 4fi). 

1. Combination Tool Kit 

2. Bayonet 

3. Sling 

4. Blank Firing Device 

5. Might Sighting Device 

Night Sighting Device: The night sighting device (fig 49) is at- 
tached by snapping it over the sight. It can be moved out of the way 
in order to use conventional sights in the daytime. To use this de- 
vice, align the luminous dots (fig 50) over each other and on the tar- 
get, aim and fire. 

Blank firing device: The blank firing device is installed by 
pressing in the muzzle nut locking plunger (fig 51 ), unscrewing the 
muzzle nut by turning it clockwise and replacing it with the device 
(fig 52). It is removed the same way as the muzzle nut. 

CAUTION: Only blank annum* ti on may be fired when the blank fir- 
ing device is in place. Do not use the cap of the combination tool 
kit as a blan'k firing device. 

Hand grenade launcher: The hand grenade launcher is installed by 
removing the muzzle rut {fig 53) and screwing the launcher onto the 
weapon (fig 54). 

To fire the grenade, insert a grenade with the pin pulled into 
the launcher. CAUTION: A. special type cartridge is used for firing 
the grenade. Place the butt of the weapon on the ground and fire 

from this position. The maximum effective range the grenade can be 
fired is 150 meters. 

The bayonet (fig 55) is affixed by positioning its loops in front 
of the muzzle nut and gas cylinder bodyj and sliding the bayonet to 
the rear until the bayonet catch engages the muzzle nut (fig 56). 
The bayonet is removed by pulling the catch, located behind the hilt, 

away from the handle and sliding the bayonet forward and off. 

Plastic magazine: The Soviet AK-47 meta^ magazine is gradually 
being replaced by the plastic magazine (fig 57) which is lighter than 
the metal. The plastic magazine, because it is light weight and wa- 
terproof, is used mainly by marines, airborne and armor units. 




FIGURE 46. AK-47 ACCESSORIES 



1. COMBINATION TOOL KIT 



2. BAYONET 



3. SLING 



4. BLANK FIRING DEVICE 



5. MIGHT SIGHTING DEVICE 



31 



53 



1 





FIGURE 51. LOCKING PLUNGER 



FIGURE 49. NIGHT SIGHTING DEVICE 
\ . FRONT 

2. REAR 





FIGURE 52. BLANK FIRING DEVICE 



FIGURE 50. LUMINOUS DOTS 



1, FRONT 



REAR 



33 



1 

f 



1 
? 

! 



& 




FIGURE 53. MUZZLE NUT 



I 




FIGURE 54- LAUNCHER 



35 



IP 




FIGURE 55- BAYONET 




FIGURE 56. BAYONET 



1. MUZZLE NUT 



2. GAS TUBE 



3. LOOP 



36 



w^vpum 




FIGURE 57. PLASTIC MAGA7INE 



3T 



SECTION VII. MAINTENANCE 

Care and cleaning: The AK-47 rifle must be kept in proper work- 
ing order and be ready for action. This is achieved by timely and 
capable cleaning and lubricating. 

The AK-47 assault rifle should be cleaned; 
— - During preparation for firing, 

— After firing with ball and blank cartridges. The receiver, bore, 
chamber, gas piston, slide and bolt are cleaned and lubricated imme- 
diately after firing. Final cleaning takes place daily over the next 
three or four days, 

— » During any combat situation and in extended exercise; daily dur- 
ing noncombat action periods. 

— No less than once a week if the rifle is not used. Oil should be 
placed only on well cleaned and dry metal surfaces immediately after 

cleaning so that moisture is not allowed to form on the metal. 



36 




SECTION VII. MAINTENANCE 

Care and cleaning: The AK-47 rifle must be kept in proper work- 
ing order and be ready for action. This is achieved by timely and 
capable cleaning and lubricating. 

The AK-47 assault rifle should be cleaned: 
--- During preparation for firing. 

— - After firing with ball and blank cartridges. The receiver, bore, 
chamber, gas piston s slide and bolt are cleaned and lubricated imme- 
diately after firing. Final cleaning takes place daily over the next 
three or four days. 

— During any combat situation and in extended exercise; daily dur- 
ing noncombat action periods. 

— No less than once a week if the rifle is not used. Oil should be 

placed only on well cleaned and dry metal surfaces immediately after 

cleaning so that moisture is not allowed to form on the metal. 



FIGURE 57. PLASTIC MAGAZINE 



3T 



33 



SECTION VIII. SERVICE AND TRAINING AMMUNITION 

The AK-47 automatic rifle fires the 7.62k39ctto round, M1943. The 
rounds have varying construction depending upon their purpose. The 
weight of the bullets and their muzzle velocity are selected so that 

firinq with the different bullets can be conducted with the sane sight 
settings. Ammunition is divided into service and auxiliary types. 

1. Service amEiuniticm and its use 

Service ammunition is divided into ball cartridges and special 
purpose cartridges. 

Ball ammunition is used to engage enemy personnel. 

Special amnunition, depending upon its construction, is designed 
for target indication and correction of fire, igniting fuel and highly 
inflammable objects, and for destroying lightly armored targets. 

Tracer cartridges are designed for target indication, fire adjust- 
ment, signal purposes and engaging personnel. Tracer bullets can ig- 
nite straw roofs, dry grass, etc. The path of the bullet is indicated 
by a red flame. The flame can be seen for a distance of 700 meters. 

AP-incendiary cartridges are used to destroy fuel (kerosene, gaso- 
line) and for destroying targets protected by thin armor plating at 

ranges up to 300 meters. 

Incendiary cartridges are used to destroy fuel in iron tanks up to 
3 millimeters thick. Incendiary cartridges also contain a tracer ele- 
ment. The path of the bullet is indicated by a red flame which can be 
seen day or night. It can be seen for a distance up to 700 meters. 

2. Training Ammunition, purpose and construction 

Training ammunition includes drilled and blank 7..6Zim rounds, HI 943, 

Drilled rounds are designed for training in loading and firing. 
On the body or the cartridge case there are longitudinal grooves, and 
on the cartridge case mouth there are marks from the clamping device. 
The primer is pierced. There is no propel lant in the cartridge case. 

Blank cartridges are designed for simulating fire and ^r^ used in 
tactical exercises. There is no bullet in the blank cartridges. The 
mouth is sealed by a star (rosette) crimp. It is dangerous to stand 
closer than 10 meters away from the muzzle face when blank cartridges 
are being fired. 



39